For the Soul of Mankind – Review

In Melvin Leffler’s book For the Soul of Mankind: The United States, the Soviet Union, and the Cold War, the author identifies five key moments of the Cold War and seeks to understand why American and Soviet leaders were unable to bridge their differences. By focusing on individual leaders, Leffler explores the backgrounds and experiencesContinue reading “For the Soul of Mankind – Review”

Hobbes, Warfare, and State formation

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) lived the majority of his life during the 17th century a period described by scholars as the “General Crisis.” This turbulent era experienced a series of demographic, political, economic, and climatic catastrophes that resulted in the breakdown of European society; however, scholars argue that this period was also a time of stateContinue reading “Hobbes, Warfare, and State formation”

American Umpire – Review

In Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman’s book American Umpire, the author examines the history of U.S. foreign policy from the founding to present day.  By exploring specific events in American history, the author challenges those scholars who suggest that the United States is an empire and she asserts that the term “umpire” better describes American foreign policy. Continue reading “American Umpire – Review”

The Populist Vision by Charles Postel – Review

In The Populist Vision, Charles Postel examines the Populist movement during the late 19th century and revaluates the movement’s goals and objectives.  As the Populists centered in rural locales and challenged big businesses and corporate bankers, most scholars and commentators prior to Postel have characterized the movement as anti-modern.  Historians writing during the Progressive eraContinue reading “The Populist Vision by Charles Postel – Review”

Soviet Collectivization: A Historiographical Essay

In the 1920s, following the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War, the leader of the Bolsheviks Vladimir Lenin distanced the newly formed government from the policies of War Communism through a series of decrees.  Under War Communism, the Bolshevik Party practiced class warfare against the peasants and justified the use of force to carryContinue reading “Soviet Collectivization: A Historiographical Essay”