Civil-Military Relations and the Cult of the Offensive in the First World War

David Lloyd George, Chancellor of the Exchequer at out the outbreak of the First World War and later Prime Minister of Great Britain, famously wrote that World War I was not the responsibility of any particular nation but rather the fault of all European nations – “[t]he nations slithered over the brink into the boilingContinue reading “Civil-Military Relations and the Cult of the Offensive in the First World War”

Gale Stokes – The Walls Came Tumbling Down

In Gale Stokes book The Walls Came Tumbling Down, the author examines the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe from 1968 to 1989 with a brief epilogue that explores the transition of these nations from communism to pluralism between 1989 and 1992.  For Stokes, the twentieth century tried three political experiments, the antirational or fascism,Continue reading “Gale Stokes – The Walls Came Tumbling Down”

FL Carsten – The Rise of Fascism

In F.L. Carsten’s The Rise of Fascism, the author examines the development of European fascism in several countries including Italy, Germany, Spain, Finland, Austria, Hungary, and others. The majority of the book focuses on narrating the development of fascist movements in each nation followed by a short chapter that seeks out similarities. By taking aContinue reading “FL Carsten – The Rise of Fascism”

The Peculiarities of German History

David Blackbourn and Geoff Eley’s study The Peculiarities of German History is a combination of three essays originally published in German as Mythen deutscher Geschichtsschreibung in 1980.  In these essays, both Blackbourn and Eley directly dispute the concept of the German Sonderweg and suggest alternative ways to interpret Germany’s special path.  Both scholars are BritishContinue reading “The Peculiarities of German History”